As evidenced by the many current advertising campaigns offering wood stoves of any brand, this heating method is back in fashion. This phenomenon is partly explained by increases in oil and gas which make wood more financially attractive. In addition, current devices offer very high performance.
The advantages of stoves are that they are easy to install and allow a room to be heated quickly and comfortably. Placed in the center of the house, with the help of fans, a wood stove can even heat an entire house. Their modern and refined design make them a very popular decorative object.
A good print allows you to:
- lower consumption
- longer fire resistance
- an optimal lifespan of the device
- an economy.
A suitable stove: the necessary power
The power required of a stove depends on the size of the room and its insulation. We thus have:
- a 5000 W stove for 25m² in a poorly insulated house and 50m² in a well insulated house.
- a 9000 W stove for 45m² in a poorly insulated house and 90m² in a well insulated house.
- an 11000 W stove for 55m² in a poorly insulated house and 110m² in a well insulated house.
- a 13000 W stove for 65m² in a poorly insulated house and 130m² in a well insulated house.
The choice of wood
The use of good wood is necessary to obtain the maximum performance from your appliance. To get the best performance from a wood, it must be dried in a ventilated and dry place for more than 18 months.
Charm wood is the one with the best yield (100), ahead of oak (99), ash (92), maple (91) and birch (89). Conversely, the bosi with the lowest yield are aspen (65), lime (57) and poplar (50).
The advantages of wood
Heating with wood has many advantages:
- ecological (no impact on the greenhouse effect)
New fuels: pellets
Besides wood, it is possible to use pellets as fuel. These are small cylinders of 6 to 10 mm produced by pressing the sawdust. The granules have a high calorific value. In addition, they have enabled the development of new automated and thermostatically controlled stoves. They allow an efficiency of up to 90% to be achieved.
The "green flame" label is a label awarded to new stoves which respect an efficiency higher than 70% as well as a released CO2 rate of less than 0.6%.
The NF standard guarantees the safety and irreproachable quality of the stoves.
The tax credit
When purchasing a wood-burning appliance with a yield rate greater than 65%, you can benefit from a tax credit if it complies with French and European standards. The amount of this credit is 40% of the purchase price.
VAT at 5.5%
The reduction in VAT applies to residences completed for more than two years. The devices concerned are wood and oil stoves, fireplaces and installation accessories.